Inter-American Dialogue

China is a priority market for Brazilian footwear exports in 2012

The Brazilian Footwear Association (Abicalcados) and the Brazilian Export Promotion Association (APEX) signed an agreement on January 17th to prioritize Brazilian footwear exports in certain international markets. China was mentioned as a principal “(and increasingly “open”) export destination, along with Africa, Russia, United Arab Emirates, Italy, France, the U.S. and Colombia. The Brazilian Footwear Association and other companies will conduct analysis on these markets in the coming year.

US limitations on Brazil orange juice imports could threaten China’s apple juice exports

The United States Food and Drug Administration temporarily suspended imports of orange juice containing low levels of carbendazim, as recognized carcinogen. The chemical was discovered in orange juice products originating in Brazil. While China’s imports of orange juice are unlikely to be affected, primarily because of lower import standards, China’s juice producers are worried that the U.S. will also block imports of apple juice, which China exports to the U.S. in significant quantities. In 2011, approximately 44 percent of Chinese apple juice (primarily from Shandong and Shaanxi provinces) was exported to the U.S. The article warns China’s juice producers of a possible bumpy road ahead.

Internet market investment opportunities: China or Brazil?

China’s and Brazil have striking similarities and differences in terms of their internet markets, and especially with regard to investment opportunities, social networking, and online advertising expenses. As Brazil’s internet usage grows, it has attracted such internet-related giants as Facebook, Amazon, and Netflix. Although China’s internet market is the largest in the world, its investment environment is much less friendly than Brazil’s. This is best illustrated, perhaps, by the many challenges that Google has encountered while operating in China over the past few years. Both China and Brazil have made great progress in terms of social networking. Brazilians’ use of Twitter is increasingly rapidly, whereas microblogging (primarily through Weibo) is of growing popularity in China. An approximate 250 million Chinese use Weibo. Online advertising expenses in Brazil are divided fairly evenly between advertisement through search engines and online “banner-style” advertisements. There is much less data on China’s advertising expenses, primarily because the pricing strategies of Chinese search engines aren’t transparent.

China-Brazil bilateral trade reaches a record high

According Chinese Customs statistics, bilateral trade between China and Brazil in 2011 totaled USD $84.2 billion, an increase of 35 percent over 2010. China’s exports to Brazil were estimated at USD $31.8 billion, and imports from Brazil came in at USD $52.4 billion, a year on year increase of 30 percent and 37 percent, respectively. Brazil maintains a trade surplus with China of approximately USD $20.6 billion, and ranks as China’s 9th largest trading partner. According to Brazil’s trade statistics, bilateral trade volume in 2011 totaled USD $77.1 billion, an increase of 37 percent over 2010. Brazil exported USD $44.3 billion and imported $32.8 billion. Brazil estimates its trade surplus at USD $11.5 billion. China is Brazil’s largest trading partner, largest export destination, and second largest source of imports. The United States is Brazil’s second largest trade partner (USD $601 billion) and Argentina (USD $396 million) is its third largest.

Chilean Speaker of the House: Chile seeks access to China’s market and capital
智利众议院议长梅莱罗: 智利寻求中国的市场和资本

Representatives from Chile’s House of Representatives, including Speaker of the House Patricio Melero, visited China on January 13, 2012. While in China, Melero met with National People’s Congress Standing Committee Chairman Wu Bangguo, as well Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping. Melero indicated that Chile must focus on Asian markets as an alternative to U.S. and European markets, and welcomed Chinese investment in energy infrastructure projects. In addition to copper exports, Chile hopes diversify trade with China and open China’s market to Chilean agricultural products including red wine, fruit, salmon, and timber.

China’s automobile market share in Peru is expanding

According to the Peruvian Automobile Association, Chinese automobile sales to Peru have increased considerably in recent years. Peru now accounts for 14.4 of China’s car sales.  Chinese car sales to Peru could increase by an additional 25 percent in 2012. 

Jiangxi Copper Peru project faces environmental difficulties

Jiangxi Copper is one of China’s major copper producers, with six mines located in China and two located overseas. Its project in Peru is progressing very slowly due to resistance from local residents. Environmental damage caused by other firms has generated local opposition to future projects. Company executives plan to submit an environmental impact assessment to local authorities in order to ensure project progress. At this point, production is expected to be delayed until 2014. According to company representatives, overseas mining operations face a higher degree of uncertainty, and are more like to run behind schedule.

China Development Bank and Peru BBVA Bank sign a loan agreement

China Development Bank and Peru BBVA Bank signed a USD $50 million loan agreement in December 2011. The loan will be used for electrical infrastructure projects in Peru, and is part of a broader memorandum of understanding between China and Peru for substantive bilateral cooperation. According an official from Peru BBVA, is also evidence of growing bilateral cooperation and of mutual commitment to economic development.